 Plano East
 AQR

What is AQR?
High school graduates need more mathematics than ever before, and they need to know how to use quantitative tools to solve problems in applied situations. This 12thgrade capstone course engages students in relevant problems and prepares them for higher education and the workplace.Advanced Quantitative Reasoning (AQR) or Advanced Mathematical Decision Making (AMDM) follows Algebra II and emphasizes statistics and financial applications. It prepares students to use a variety of mathematical tools and approaches to model a range of situations and solve problems.

Standard Day in my Class
Each day, the student is to be present in class prepared for the activity of the day. If the student is absent, It is the responsibility of the student to get any missing papers or worksheets upon returning to class.

Spring Units
Probabilistic Reasoning (PRB)
The student will learn to:
 Using the counting principle, find the total number of outcomes in a sample space.
 Calculate a combination given a situation.
 Calculate a permutation given a situation.
 Find the probability of an event given its complement.
 Calculate a probability using the Addition Rule.
 Calculate the probability of a situation displayed in a venn diagram.
 Calculate the probability of a situation displayed in a tree diagram.
 Construct an area model of probability given a situation.
 Determine the expected value given probabilities for a situation.
 Interpret data from a table to calculate a conditional probability.
 Calculate the probability of a situation given options that are not equally likely.
 Calculate the probability of a binomial situation.
 Determine whether two events are independent given a twoway table.
 Construct a twoway table that will make a situation independent.
 Identify a probability calculation as theoretical or experimental.
Voting
The student will learn to:
 Determine the point value for a candidate
 Determine the instant runoff winner
 Determine if a coalition is winning in a weighted voting situation
 Determine the critical voter in weighted voting situation
 Determine the power of a voter
 Identify the violations of Arrow's fairness
Statistical Analysis (SA)The student will learn to:
 Identify the types of sampling techinques
 Interpret margin of error
 Identifying the spread of a boxplot
 Identify how to reduce statistical bias
 Identify the characteristics of an observational study
 Identify the type of bias
 Comparing the spread of boxplots
 Determine the correleation of a scatterplot
 Determine if a scatterplot represents a cause and effect relationship rather than an association
 Interpreting the shape of a histogram
Financial Literacy (FL)
The student will learn to:
 Calculate the value of an investment
 Determine how long to reach a savings goal
 Determine the minimum payment for a credit card
 Determine the payoff period for a credit card
 Determine the amount of interest paid on a credit card
 Calculate the future value of an investment.
 Determine the annual contrubution every year to an annuity
 Determine the amount of take home pay for a month
 Determine the amount of an investment

Supplies
 Binder (2 inches preferred) / pencil / highlighter 1 box of tissues
 Graphing Calculator
 At times, access to a graphing calculator in this course is a necessity. (TI 84 Plus or newer is recommended)
 Plano East Math department will have a limited supply for students to check out if you choose not to buy your own for which he/she will be responsible. If lost, stolen, or damaged, there will be a $100 replacement fee.
 Free Apps if you do not have access to a graphing calculator:
 Wabbitemu (ti84 emulator for android devices only)
 Desmos (for apple and android devices)
 PESH Calculator Checkout
 Other Apps that will be used in class
 Google Classroom (code to join class: _____________)
 Any QR scanner
 Google Docs
 Google Slides
 Google Drive
 Google Sheets
 Remind

Tutorials
There are several opportunities throughout the week to attend. I will be available on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays after school 4:15  5:00 and during 0 hours 8  8:30 every day I am on campus. If these times are not the best times for you, please see me so we can schedule a better time

Grading
 The nineweek grades will be computed as follows:
 40% Daily Work (Includes classwork, quizzes, and homework)
 60% Unit Tests and Projects (There will be at least 2 each nine weeks
 The projects will be done in groups. Each member of the group will be given responsibility within the group. If a group member is not fulfilling their duties to the group, that person will lose points. Projects will be submitted electronically through Google Classroom. It will be strongly encouraged that the groups will use the Google Apps for Education so that it may be reviewed and commented on prior to the due date.
 The semester grade will be the weighted average of the nineweek grades. This means each of the twonineweek grades counts as 50% each.
 Homework will be graded by completion and turned on the day after it is assigned unless otherwise notified.
 Progress Reports will be sent out.

Absenses
 It is the student’s responsibility to make up all work as soon as possible following an absence. I may also be posting videos on YouTube for lessons that you may have missed.
 Notes will be posted in Google Classroom after the lesson/activity is complete by the end of the school day.
 Since assignment calendars are distributed each nine weeks, each student should consult the calendar or Google Classroom for missed assignments.
 Days missed due to schoolsponsored activities are not considered absences; therefore, all assignments for these days should be turned in on time.
 If you miss a test, it is to your advantage to make it up as quickly as possible!!! A maximum of 2 weeks following the test will be allowed for makeups. After 2 weeks, it will be a zero.
 Since no new material is covered the day prior to a test, students who miss only that day will be expected to take the test at the scheduled time.

Tardies
Please get to class on time. Tardies may result in lunch detention for the following day.

Makeups
Makeup is done in the following rooms:
B1268 Tuesday (A lunch) and Thursday (B lunch);
B1269 Tuesday (B lunch) and Thursday (A lunch)
You MUST have a photo ID for a makeup test. (Student ID or Driver’s license are both acceptable.)
Sign up to schedule your makeup test.

§111.44. Advanced Quantitative Reasoning, Adopted 2012 (OneHalf to One Credit).
(a) General requirements. Students shall be awarded onehalf to one credit for successful completion of this course. Prerequisites: Geometry and Algebra II.
(b) Introduction.
(1) The desire to achieve educational excellence is the driving force behind the Texas essential knowledge and skills for mathematics, guided by the college and career readiness standards. By embedding statistics, probability, and finance, while focusing on fluency and solid understanding, Texas will lead the way in mathematics education and prepare all Texas students for the challenges they will face in the 21st century.
(2) The process standards describe ways in which students are expected to engage in the content. The placement of the process standards at the beginning of the knowledge and skills listed for each grade and course is intentional. The process standards weave the other knowledge and skills together so that students may be successful problem solvers and use mathematics efficiently and effectively in daily life. The process standards are integrated at every grade level and course. When possible, students will apply mathematics to problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace. Students will use a problemsolving model that incorporates analyzing given information, formulating a plan or strategy, determining a solution, justifying the solution, and evaluating the problemsolving process and the reasonableness of the solution. Students will select appropriate tools such as real objects, manipulatives, paper and pencil, and technology and techniques such as mental math, estimation, and number sense to solve problems. Students will effectively communicate mathematical ideas, reasoning, and their implications using multiple representations such as symbols, diagrams, graphs, and language. Students will use mathematical relationships to generate solutions and make connections and predictions. Students will analyze mathematical relationships to connect and communicate mathematical ideas. Students will display, explain, or justify mathematical ideas and arguments using precise mathematical language in written or oral communication.
(3) In Advanced Quantitative Reasoning, students will develop and apply skills necessary for college, careers, and life. Course content consists primarily of applications of high school mathematics concepts to prepare students to become welleducated and highly informed 21st century citizens. Students will develop and apply reasoning, planning, and communication to make decisions and solve problems in applied situations involving numerical reasoning, probability, statistical analysis, finance, mathematical selection, and modeling with algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and discrete mathematics.
(4) Statements that contain the word "including" reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase "such as" are intended as possible illustrative examples.
(c) Knowledge and skills.
(1) Mathematical process standards. The student uses mathematical processes to acquire and demonstrate mathematical understanding. The student is expected to:
(A) apply mathematics to problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace;
(B) use a problemsolving model that incorporates analyzing given information, formulating a plan or strategy, determining a solution, justifying the solution, and evaluating the problemsolving process and the reasonableness of the solution;
(C) select tools, including real objects, manipulatives, paper and pencil, and technology as appropriate, and techniques, including mental math, estimation, and number sense as appropriate, to solve problems;
(D) communicate mathematical ideas, reasoning, and their implications using multiple representations, including symbols, diagrams, graphs, and language as appropriate;
(E) create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas;
(F) analyze mathematical relationships to connect and communicate mathematical ideas; and
(G) display, explain, and justify mathematical ideas and arguments using precise mathematical language in written or oral communication.
(2) Numeric reasoning. The student applies the process standards in mathematics to generate new understandings by extending existing knowledge. The student generates new mathematical understandings through problems involving numerical data that arise in everyday life, society, and the workplace. The student extends existing knowledge and skills to analyze realworld situations. The student is expected to:
(A) use precision and accuracy in reallife situations related to measurement and significant figures;
(B) apply and analyze published ratings, weighted averages, and indices to make informed decisions;
(C) solve problems involving quantities that are not easily measured using proportionality;
(D) solve geometric problems involving indirect measurement, including similar triangles, the Pythagorean Theorem, Law of Sines, Law of Cosines, and the use of dynamic geometry software;
(E) solve problems involving large quantities using combinatorics;
(F) use arrays to efficiently manage large collections of data and add, subtract, and multiply matrices to solve applied problems, including geometric transformations;
(G) analyze various voting and selection processes to compare results in given situations; and
(H) select and apply an algorithm of interest to solve reallife problems such as problems using recursion or iteration involving population growth or decline, fractals, and compound interest; the validity in recorded and transmitted data using checksums and hashing; sports rankings, weighted class rankings, and search engine rankings; and problems involving scheduling or routing situations using vertexedge graphs, critical paths, Euler paths, and minimal spanning trees and communicate to peers the application of the algorithm in precise mathematical and nontechnical language.
(3) Algebraic reasoning (expressions, equations, and generalized relationships). The student applies the process standards in mathematics to create and analyze mathematical models of everyday situations to make informed decisions related to earning, investing, spending, and borrowing money by appropriate, proficient, and efficient use of tools, including technology. The student uses mathematical relationships to make connections and predictions. The student judges the validity of a prediction and uses mathematical models to represent, analyze, and solve dynamic realworld problems. The student is expected to:
(A) collect numerical bivariate data to create a scatterplot, select a function to model the data, justify the model selection, and use the model to interpret results and make predictions;
(B) describe the degree to which uncorrelated variables may or may not be related and analyze situations where correlated variables do or do not indicate a causeandeffect relationship;
(C) determine or analyze an appropriate growth or decay model for problem situations, including linear, exponential, and logistic functions;
(D) determine or analyze an appropriate cyclical model for problem situations that can be modeled with periodic functions;
(E) determine or analyze an appropriate piecewise model for problem situations;
(F) create, represent, and analyze mathematical models for various types of income calculations to determine the best option for a given situation;
(G) create, represent, and analyze mathematical models for expenditures, including those involving credit, to determine the best option for a given situation; and
(H) create, represent, and analyze mathematical models and appropriate representations, including formulas and amortization tables, for various types of loans and investments to determine the best option for a given situation.
(4) Probabilistic and statistical reasoning. The student uses the process standards in mathematics to generate new understandings of probability and statistics. The student analyzes statistical information and evaluates risk and return to connect mathematical ideas and make informed decisions. The student applies a problemsolving model and statistical methods to design and conduct a study that addresses one or more particular question(s). The student uses multiple representations to communicate effectively the results of studentgenerated statistical studies and the critical analysis of published statistical studies. The student is expected to:
(A) use a twoway frequency table as a sample space to identify whether two events are independent and to interpret the results;
(B) use the Addition Rule, P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B)  P(A and B), in mathematical and realworld problems;
(C) calculate conditional probabilities and probabilities of compound events using tree diagrams, Venn diagrams, area models, and formulas;
(D) interpret conditional probabilities and probabilities of compound events by analyzing representations to make decisions in problem situations;
(E) use probabilities to make and justify decisions about risks in everyday life;
(F) calculate expected value to analyze mathematical fairness, payoff, and risk;
(G) determine the validity of logical arguments that include compound conditional statements by constructing truth tables;
(H) identify limitations and lack of relevant information in studies reporting statistical information, especially when studies are reported in condensed form;
(I) interpret and compare statistical results using appropriate technology given a margin of error;
(J) identify potential misuses of statistics to justify particular conclusions, including assertions of a causeandeffect relationship rather than an association, and missteps or fallacies in logical reasoning;
(K) describe strengths and weaknesses of sampling techniques, data and graphical displays, and interpretations of summary statistics and other results appearing in a study, including reports published in the media;
(L) determine the need for and purpose of a statistical investigation and what type of statistical analysis can be used to answer a specific question or set of questions;
(M) identify the population of interest for a statistical investigation, select an appropriate sampling technique, and collect data;
(N) identify the variables to be used in a study;
(O) determine possible sources of statistical bias in a study and how bias may affect the validity of the results;
(P) create data displays for given data sets to investigate, compare, and estimate center, shape, spread, and unusual features of the data;
(Q) analyze possible sources of data variability, including those that can be controlled and those that cannot be controlled;
(R) report results of statistical studies to a particular audience, including selecting an appropriate presentation format, creating graphical data displays, and interpreting results in terms of the question studied;
(S) justify the design and the conclusion(s) of statistical studies, including the methods used; and
(T) communicate statistical results in oral and written formats using appropriate statistical and nontechnical language.
Source: The provisions of this §111.44 adopted to be effective September 10, 2012, 37 TexReg 7109.